利用PowerShell安装IIS或启用IIS的方法

我们在做一些开发的时候,测试环境中经常需要用到iis,每次通过图形界面启用IIS以及相关组件得勾选很多东西,感觉繁琐而且又麻烦,如阁下正好用的是2012或者win8甚至以上,Windows server 2012 R2和Windows 8.1操作系统上,使用PowerShell一行命令即可哦。具体指令请参阅下面:

Windows Server 2012

Install-WindowsFeature web-server -IncludeAllSubFeature

Windows 8.1

Enable-WindowsOptionalFeature –online –featurename IIS-WebServerRole

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我们也可以用VBS启动PowerShell来安装IIS,具体代码如下:

# eastmoney public tools# version: v1.0.2# create by XuHoo, 2016-9-27#try {

Import-Module ServerManager -ErrorAction Stop

Import-Module BitsTransfer -ErrorAction Stop

}

catch {

Write-Warning "$_"; exit

}$packages_path = "D:\software"  # Packages storage directoryfunction Download() {    $isExists = Test-Path $packages_path

if(!$isExists) {

New-Item -ItemType Directory $packages_path

}    # instantiate a socket object,

# Try connect to download the source

$testConn = New-Object Net.Sockets.TcpClient    $testConn.Connect("$address", 80)  # $address need to custom

if($testConn) {

Start-BitsTransfer $address/dotnet4.0.exe $packages_path

Start-BitsTransfer $address/dotnet4.5.exe $packages_path

return $true

} else {        return $false

}

}function CheckVersion {    # To detect the .NET Framework whether exists in the registry

$isExists = Test-Path "HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\NET Framework Setup\"

if(!$isExists) {        return $false

} else {        # Returns the current .NET Framework version

$version = gci "HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\NET Framework Setup\NDP" | sort pschildname -desc | select -fi 1 -exp pschildname        return $version

}

}function Update {

Add-WindowsFeature As-Net-Framework  # Update .NET Framework 3.5

# The first cycle:

#   Perfrom CheckVersion function, returns the value assigned to $response

#   If $response < 4.0, start install dotnet 4.0 and dotnet 4.5

#   Enter the second loop

# The second cycle:

#   Again to perfrom CheckVersion function

#   If the installation is successful,

#   the value of variable $response at this time will be greater than 4.0,

#   the output corrent .NET Framework version and returns $true

for($i=0;$i -lt 2;$i++) {        $response = CheckVersion        if($response -lt "v4.0") {

Start-Process -Wait $packages_path\dotnet4.0.exe -ArgumentList "/quiet"

Start-Process -Wait $packages_path\dotnet4.5.exe -ArgumentList "/quiet"

} else {

Write-Host "DotNET current version is: $response"

return $true

}

}    # Above cycle without entering the return statement,

# then .NET Framework update failed, this function will return the $false

return $false}function Install {    $features = Get-WindowsFeature Web-Server,Web-Static-Content,Web-Default-Doc,Web-Http-Errors,Web-Http-Redirect,Web-Asp-Net,Web-Net-Ext,Web-ISAPI-Ext,Web-ISAPI-Filter,Web-Http-Logging,Web-Request-Monitor,Web-Filtering,Web-IP-Security,Web-Stat-Compression,Web-Mgmt-Console,Web-WHC    # Install IIS features

foreach($item in $features) {

Add-WindowsFeature $item

}

Remove-WindowsFeature Web-Dir-Browsing  # Delete "Web-Dir-Browsing" function}function Registry {    $is64bit = [IntPtr]::Size -eq 8  # To determine whether a system is 64-bit

$isapiPath_32 = "$env:windir\Microsoft.NET\Framework\v4.0.30319\aspnet_isapi.dll"

Set-Location "$env:windir\Microsoft.NET\Framework\v4.0.30319\"; .\aspnet_regiis.exe -i    if($is64bit) {        $isapiPath_64 = "$env:windir\Microsoft.NET\Framework64\v4.0.30319\aspnet_isapi.dll"

Set-Location "$env:windir\Microsoft.NET\Framework64\v4.0.30319\"; .\aspnet_regiis.exe -i

}

}

try {    $chkGet_result = Download    $chkUp_result = Update    if($chkUp_result) {

Install; Registry

} else {

Write-Warning "Update .NET Framework error."

}

}

catch {

Write-Warning "$_"; exit

}finally {

Remove-Item $packages_path -Recurse

Remove-Item $MyInvocation.MyCommand.Path -Force

}

以上功能描述

1. 连接软件源服务器下载.NET Framework 4.0、.NET Framework 4.5。

2. 检测并判断当前.NET Framework版本是否小于v4.0,如果小于则进行升级。

3. 安装IIS组件,安装完成后删除软件及脚本。

在升级.NET Framework时,是先从3.5升级(可以通过执行命令"Add-WindowsFeature As-Net-Framework"直接安装3.5),然后依次升级4.0、4.5。

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通过PowerShell选择选项安装IIS 8.0

通过PowerShell安装IIS-8

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